Maximum Permissible Levels
Maximum permitted levels of coccidiostats and histomonostats residues in feedingstuffs and their background: Coccidiostats are used preventively to prevent coccidiosis in chickens, turkeys and fattening rabbits via compound feedingstuffs. These additives are authorised for only a few species under certain feeding conditions.
For example, the production of different compound feedingstuffs on one production line may lead to carry-over of medicinal feedingstuffs with other feedingstuffs, despite the application of good manufacturing practice. Because of this technically unavoidable carry-over, Commission Directive 2009/8/EC of 10 February 2009 introduced maximum permitted levels for the carry-over of all authorised coccidiostats (see below).
The ALARA principle (="as low as reasonably achievable") was applied as a general principle for the determination of coccidiostat residues. Due to the different sensitivity of the individual animal species, the tolerance values for the carry over were set at 1% and 3% respectively of the maximum permitted level for the target species. In the Annex you will find the table with the maximum levels for the carry-over according to. DIRECTIVE 2009/8/EC:
Maximum Levels of Coccidiostats/Histomonostats Residues
|Additive||Feed||Maximum value (mg/kg) at 12% humidity|
|Lasalocid sodium||feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for dogs, calves, rabbits, equidae, farm poultry laying eggs, farm milk-producing animals||1,25*|
|Lasalocid sodium||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||3,75|
|Narasin||Feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for turkeys, rabbits, equidae, poultry laying eggs||0,7*|
|Narasin||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||2,1|
|Salinomycin sodium||feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for equidae, turkeys, poultry laying eggs||0,7*|
|Salinomycin sodium||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||2,1|
|Monensin sodium||feed materials, compound feed for equidae, dogs, small ruminants, geese, cattle, dairy cattle, egg-laying poultry||1,25*|
|Monensin sodium||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||3,75|
|Semduramicin Sodium||Animal feed materials||0,25*|
|Semduramicin sodium||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||0,75|
|Maduramicin Ammonium Alpha||Feed materials, for equidae, rabbits, poultry laying eggs||0,05*|
|Maduramicin Ammonium Alpha||compound feeds for other animal species||0,15|
|Robenidine hydrochloride||Feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for poultry laying eggs||0,7*|
|Robenidine hydrochloride||compound feeds for other animal species||2,1|
|Decoquinate||Feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for poultry laying eggs||0,4*|
|Decoquinate||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||1,2|
|Halofuginone hydrobromide||Feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for poultry laying eggs||0,03*|
|Halofuginone hydrobromide||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||0,09|
|Nicarbazin||Feed materials, compound feedingstuffs for equidae, poultry laying eggs||0,5*|
|Nicarbazin||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||1,5|
|Diclazuril||Animal feed materials||0,01*|
|Diclazuril||compound feedingstuffs for other animal species||0,03|
In the AGES, feedstuffs are regularly tested for the presence of coccidiostats/histomonostats at the Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed.
For further information, please contact
On the AGES homepage you will find further information about coccidiosis and the carry-over of coccidiostats/histomonstats to their residues in food.